Previous article in issue. These come in the form of old age pension funds, disability grants, foster care grants, care dependency grants and child support grants. In this regard food secure households view individualistic reasons as the root cause of poverty, whereas food insecure households view society and fatalistic causes, the causes of poverty.
One reason may be that social welfare officials in different provinces are not consistent in observing the set national criteria for determining who is eligible for these grants. Informal settlements squatter camps and shackshostels, institutions, industrial and recreational areas, and small holdings within or adjacent to any formal urban areas are also classified as urban.
Although the measures and programmes initiated by the South African government appear to be beneficial, they need to be run more effectively to further alleviate food insecurity.
A quantitative research method was deployed, and questionnaires were administered to a stratified random sample of two low-income neighbourhoods in Southern Gauteng, South Africa. Finally, the three surveys were conducted at different times of the year — the two NFCS surveys between January and April, and the SASAS between August and October— and this may have influenced the responses given by the participants on food availability and the food stocked in the households.
Hence, stunting still affects a large proportion of children. In this context the literature on the perceptions of the causes of poverty holds that individuals are themselves to blame for their poverty situation Individualistic ; or poverty can be explained as a consequence of economics, politics and cultural factors in society Structural ; or that poverty is the result of illness or bad luck Fatalistic.
Second, the surveys followed somewhat different sampling criteria. However, a substantial proportion of households remains at risk of hunger or is experiencing hunger.
Food availability also differed across provinces. However, this study highlights income and access to food as the most important determinants of food availability.
Three causes, namely individualistic, structural and fatalistic perceptions of the causes of poverty were derived through factor analysis. The literature on theories of poverty focuses primarily on the conservative view based on the explanation that poverty is caused from an individual perspective or, blaming the victim.
Statistics South Africa classifies urban areas according to predominant settlement type and land use. The results clearly show that more than one third of the children in all age groups scored very low in terms of food diversity mean score: Any area that is not classified as urban, including tribal areas and commercial farms, is classified as rural.
Moreover, the average of eight food items stocked in the cupboards of poorer households according to the NFCS household inventory data is substantially below the minimum requirement of 17 items needed to maintain a healthy, well balanced diet according to Bonti-Ankomah.
Lehohla 25 has suggested that the situation may be even worse since poorer South African households tend to have six or seven members. Volume 35, Pages open access Perceptions of Poverty: Adapted from references 11— The study found significant differences with regard to the perceptions of poverty between food secure and food insecure households.
Recent studies claimed food insecurity as increasingly urban. In summary, food insecurity has decreased in South Africa over the past 10 years. This study compares the perceptions of the causes of poverty, of food secure and food insecure households.
Intra-departmental corruption within the social welfare system and stringent guidelines for selecting those who qualify for grants are among several factors that keep the grants from reaching all poor South Africans. The Western Cape recorded the greatest food variety average of 15 food items across households of all income levels and both rural and urban data not shown.
The average household in South Africa has four members 2324 and requires around R Discussion Food insecurity constitutes a global crisis. Cities, towns, townships and suburbs are typical formal urban settlements.
In this light, the results presented in this paper, which point to a reduction in the prevalence of food insecurity in South Africa between andare extremely encouraging.Urban malnutrition: a review of food security and nutrition among the urban poor Source: Laura Phelps.
Makuru Slums, Nairobi, Lili. Literature review: ‘informal economy’ and ‘food security’: South Africa, – This paper performed the first qualitative systematic review of research from South Africa that addresses both these aspects.
The methods used in the review are described in detail, to increase the readers’ ability to assess the reliability of. Systematic review of the literature on ‘informal economy’ and ‘food security’: South Africa, –, Working Paper Cape Town: PLAAS, UWC and Centre of Excellence on Food Security.
in two stages; firstly, a literature review was undertakenin order to provide a theoretical perspective on household food security.
Secondly, an empirical study comprising of a household survey was undertaken. The household survey was FOOD SECURITY IN SOUTH AFRICA.
Food security governance Systematic literature review Food governance Moving from traditional government to new adaptive governance: the changing face of food security responses in South Africa.
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Pérez-Escamilla, R. (). Can experience-based household food security. A SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW – EXECUTIVE SUMMARY SOUTHERN AFRICA FOOD LAB SOUTHERN AFRICA Food security in South Africa 4 Market dynamics and food affordability 5 Following a systematic review of the literature on food systems in South Africa, a total of papers were compiled.Download