One writer has compared Orthodoxy to the faith of Rome and Protestantism in this basic fashion: Some are large, such as the Church of Russia, while others are small, such as the Church of Sinai. The religious and cultural climate of the New World was already deeply entrenched.
It is believed by Orthodox Christians that their Church has preserved the tradition and continuity of the ancient Church in its fullness compared to other Christian denominations which have departed from the common tradition of the Church of the first 10 centuries.
The unity of the Church is rather manifested in common faith and communion in the sacraments and no one but Christ himself is the real head of the Church. While Christianity in the West developed in lands which knew the legal and moral philosophy of Ancient Rome, Eastern Christianity developed in lands which knew the Semitic and Hellenistic cultures.
The pamphlet titles are as follows: The number of autocephalous churches has varied in history. While the Pentarchy had been determined by canonical decision and did not entail hegemony of any one local church or patriarchate over the others, the collegial and conciliar nature of the Church, in effect, was gradually abandoned in favor of a supremacy of unlimited papal power over the entire Church.
Each bishop has a territory see over which he governs. The once homogeneous unified world of the Mediterranean was fast vanishing. Tensions with the Papacy[ edit ] See also: Introduction to Orthodox Christianity The Orthodox Church recognizes as authoritative the decisions of the seven ecumenical councils that met between AD and AD and defined the basic doctrines on the Trinity and the Incarnation.
While bishops and their autocephalous synods have the ability to administer guidance in individual cases, their actions do not usually set precedents that affect the entire Eastern Orthodox Church. Following the practice of the Early Church, Orthodoxy treasures the various cultures of its people, but it is not bound to any particular culture or people.
Click image to magnify. The Carolingian bishop who succeeded him, Wichingsuppressed the Slavonic Liturgy and forced the followers of Methodius into exile. Occasionally, the word Catholic is also used to describe the Orthodox Church. The Orthodox Church welcomes all!
It also affirms that the Church has preserved the fullness of the Christian faith. This description, dating back to the second century, is embodied in the Nicene Creed, which acknowledges One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church.
Certainly we all have the God-given right to believe whatever we desire and to participate in whatever religious association we choose. The growing disputes between East and West reached another peak in AD, when mutual anathemas were exchanged.
The term "Eastern Church" the geographic east in the East—West Schism has been used to distinguish it from western Christendom the geographic West, which at first came to designate the Roman Catholic communion, later also the various Protestant and Anglican branches.
All her activities, even her doctrinal formulations, are directed toward this goal. The controversy also involved ecclesiastical jurisdictional rights in the Bulgarian church.
Since the Early Church was not monolithic, the two great traditions existed together for more than a thousand years until the Great Schism divided the Church. New churches are beginning in cities and towns from coast to coast.
People devoted to Christ, but distressed and frustrated by the directions being taken in both Roman Catholic and Protestant circles, and desiring a more full worship and spiritual life, are turning to the changeless Orthodox Church.
These ideas were finally given systematic expression in the West during the Gregorian Reform movement of the 11th century. Peter, confess Jesus as the Christ and, as such, all are St. It is also the sense within the phrase " One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church ", found in the Nicene Creedand referred to in Orthodox worship, e.
One of the decisions made by the First Council of Constantinople the second ecumenical council, meeting in and supported by later such councils was that the Patriarch of Constantinople should be given equal honor to the Pope of Rome since Constantinople was considered to be the " New Rome ".
There, the great Fathers lived and taught. Photius refused to accept the supremacy of the pope in Orthodox matters, or accept the Filioque clause that had been added to the Nicene Creed by the Latin church, and was later the theological breaking point in the ultimate Great Schism in the 11th century.
The Orthodox Church acknowledges that unity does not mean uniformity. In the years which followed, the Apostles spread the Church and its teachings and founded many churches, all united in faith, worship, and the partaking of the Mysteries or as they are called in the West, the Sacraments of the Holy Church.
The Protestant communities which split from Rome in the course of centuries diverged even more from the teaching of the Holy Fathers and the Holy Ecumenical Councils.
The word Orthodox literally means "straight teaching" or "straight worship," being derived from two Greek words: Today, Roman Catholics and Protestants are heirs to the Western tradition, and the Orthodox are heirs The orthodox church the Eastern tradition.
A "yardstick for truth" is needed by which to compare what the Church originally believed and practiced with what these groups proclaim. Current Church structure Map of the canonical territories of autocephalous and autonomous Orthodox jurisdictions.
The Church is not a centralized organization headed by a pontiff, but an organic community guided by the Holy Spirit in the world.The Orthodox Church is the one Church founded by Jesus Christ and his apostles, begun at the day of Pentecost with the descent of the Holy Spirit in the year 33 A.D. It is also known (especially in the contemporary West) as the Eastern Orthodox Church or the Greek Orthodox Church.
The Orthodox Church was founded by our Lord Jesus Christ and is the living manifestation of His presence in the history of the mankind. The most conspicuous characteristics of Orthodoxy are its rich liturgical life and its faithfulness to the apostolic tradition.
The Orthodox Church is often referred to as Eastern Orthodox Church in order to distinguish it from the Oriental Orthodoxy (despite the fact that eastern and oriental are synonyms). The (Eastern) Orthodox Church strives to keep the faith of the seven Ecumenical Councils.
The Orthodox Church in America. The Mission of The Orthodox Church in America, the local autocephalous Orthodox Christian Church, is to be faithful in fulfilling the commandment of Christ to “Go into all the world and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit ”.
The Orthodox Church in America The Mission of The Orthodox Church in America, the local autocephalous Orthodox Christian Church, is to be faithful in fulfilling the commandment of Christ to “Go into all the world and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit ”.
The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, with its headquarters located in the City of New York, is an Eparchy of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, The mission of the Archdiocese is to proclaim the Gospel of Christ, to teach and spread the Orthodox Christian faith, to energize, cultivate, and guide the life of the Church in the United States of America according to the Orthodox.Download